The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi


The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany Well, I did it After two years, I have finally finished this beast The first 600 or so pages are pretty slow, but it flies after thatWe all know the story a misanthropic, racist, vegetarian, megalomaniac failed artist writes a book that taps into age old German prejudices, seizes power, and embarks on a quest for European domination In the process he starts the biggest war in history leading to the deaths of tens of millions of people, subjugates about a dozen other countries, and systema Well, I did it After two years, I have finally finished this beast The first 600 or so pages are pretty slow, but it flies after thatWe all know the story a misanthropic, racist, vegetarian, megalomaniac failed artist writes a book that taps into age old German prejudices, seizes power, and embarks on a quest for European domination In the process he starts the biggest war in history leading to the deaths of tens of millions of people, subjugates about a dozen other countries, and systematically exterminates the majority of European Jewry The Thousand Year Reich only lasted a total of 12 years, 4 months, and 8 days, but during that brief span it wrought havoc and destruction on scale never witnessed before or since.William Shirer was a journalist, not a historian, but his narrative style coupled with the fact that he lived in Germany during the majority of the time Hitler was in power lends this book both readability and a level of believability that no historian could possibly achieve Several parts are indeed personal narrative in which Shirer lends his own perspective on what he saw happening, though he is careful to point out which sections are taken from historical records and which are colored by his own experience The book is thoroughly footnoted to the tune of about a footnote per page it takes almost as long to read the notes as it does the main text , indexed, and overflowing with I didn t know that moments It doesn t dwell on minutiae, nor does it give a blow by blow account of the war, but nevertheless it attempts to tell a huge story, and the result is a huge 1300 pages in the printing I own book.The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich was published in 1957, a bare 12 years after the Fall that occurs at the end of the story However, it is very easy to see why it remains today 50 years after its release the definitive work on the Nazi regime I highly recommend it to anyone who shares a passion for history or who is fascinated by the factors that lead to societies devolving into statist forms of government I also recommend it to anyone who believes that appeasement and negotiation is an acceptable means for handling such regimes that means you, Barack Obama Sections of it if not the entire book should be required reading for all high school students Only by understanding the past may we secure our future The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich A History of Nazi Germany, William L Shirer The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich A History of Nazi Germany is a book by William L Shirer chronicling the rise and fall of Nazi Germany from the birth of Adolf Hitler in 1889 to the end of World War II in 1945 It was first published in 1960, by Simon Schuster in the United States, where it won a National Book Award It was a bestseller in both the United States and Europe, and a critical success outside Ge The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich A History of Nazi Germany, William L Shirer The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich A History of Nazi Germany is a book by William L Shirer chronicling the rise and fall of Nazi Germany from the birth of Adolf Hitler in 1889 to the end of World War II in 1945 It was first published in 1960, by Simon Schuster in the United States, where it won a National Book Award It was a bestseller in both the United States and Europe, and a critical success outside Germany in Germany, criticism of the book stimulated sales The book was feted by journalists, as reflected by its receipt of the National Book Award for non fiction But the reception from academic historians was mixed 1994 39 1341 182 1372 231 1889 1945 20 1389 248 9789649681290 1889 Darkness You boil this book down, strip it to the foundations, and what the reader finds is darkness of the human soul Bred in the alleyways and gutters of Vienna before the first World War, this was the angry and hateful opposite of God s shining light, the ancient shadows that live in the basement of our souls, given life and expression on the palette of a failed artist Shirer s scholarly, exhaustive masterpiece paints the portrait of the Third Reich from its beginnings in the back rooms an Darkness You boil this book down, strip it to the foundations, and what the reader finds is darkness of the human soul Bred in the alleyways and gutters of Vienna before the first World War, this was the angry and hateful opposite of God s shining light, the ancient shadows that live in the basement of our souls, given life and expression on the palette of a failed artist Shirer s scholarly, exhaustive masterpiece paints the portrait of the Third Reich from its beginnings in the back rooms and beer halls of Munich to the terrible, gruesome end in all its grisly, dark detail The author, a journalist in Germany before and during the early years of the Nazi regime, describes how this political movement began and how it came to power on the backs and in the bloodied fists of brown shirted ruffians To draw a modern parallel, it would be as if our country was taken over by a street gang, as if the Bloods and Crips gained political power and ascended the White House and took over From the September 1938 Sudetenland grab and the failings of Neville Chamberlain, to the horrid crimes that went on behind the lines, to the final days that saw a once proud Europe reduced to rubble, Shirer also details World War II from the Nazi perspective.Like Milton s Paradise Lost and Shakespeare s Richard III, the central figure in this epic tragedy, the most intriguing character, is a villain But unlike Satan and the House of York English King, Hitler rose from the depths of poverty and mediocrity Shirer reveals Hitler as intelligent and deterministic, but pathologically, sociopathically twisted to evil The author also shows the German leader to be hopelessly, and in the end, pathetically, delusional Perhaps Shirer s most compelling observation, though, is his uncompromising portrait of the German people who allowed the monstrosity of National Socialism to come to power and to become accomplices with the Nazis in horrors on a scale previously unimagined Finally, Shirer begs the question of whether we owe a higher duty than to our country, and his answer is an affirmative and decisive yes Whew After six months of exhilarating yet exhausting reading, I have finally managed to finish this massive tome William L Shirer s definitive account of the rise and fall of the Third Reich under the evil and mad genius, the warlord Hitler Hitler expected that the Reich will last for a thousand years in reality, it lasted just over 12 years In those twelve, the Fuehrer managed to create hell on earth for the people whom he ruled over as well as in those areas which he conquered the war Whew After six months of exhilarating yet exhausting reading, I have finally managed to finish this massive tome William L Shirer s definitive account of the rise and fall of the Third Reich under the evil and mad genius, the warlord Hitler Hitler expected that the Reich will last for a thousand years in reality, it lasted just over 12 years In those twelve, the Fuehrer managed to create hell on earth for the people whom he ruled over as well as in those areas which he conquered the war he initiated managed to destroy 50 to 80 million people all over the world.I am not going to summarise the book here the story is well known to most, and anyway to do that would mean writing a small book itself Rather, let me lay down what I took away from the book the pluses as well as the minuses.The book is incredibly detailed Shirer, being privy to most of the secret correspondence in the Reich archives, the majority of which survived destruction at the hands of the Nazis by a quirk of fate, puts his journalistic skills to excellent use as he tells the story of the meteoric rise and even faster demise of Hitler with consummate storytelling skill The pace never flags and the story never fails to grip and hardly a facet of this distressing yet fascinating era is ignored This is the first book you should read if you want a front seat at the Hitler drama.I found two major drawbacks to the book One a lack of maps, in the absence of which following the war spatially was impossible unless you have an eidetic memory of European geography, that is Two the long list of dramatis personnae among whom I got lostthan once.Shirer s book does not have any historical analysis it s history from a journalistic point of view However, for a layman such as me, it does not matter, because what matters is the story after all How Hitler moved in from the lunatic fringe to the mainstream of German politics how he used all dirty tricks in the political book to backstab his colleagues and steam roll his opponents how the great colonial powers played hopscotch across the world stage, protecting their interests and cheerfully sacrificing those of others and how man can be so unbelievably cruel to his fellow human being these are some of the takeaways I have And I believe that these are important in today s world, when once again the fringe is becoming the new normal As Shirer saysIn our new age of terrifying, lethal gadgets, which supplanted so swiftly the old one, the first great aggressive war, if it should come, will be launched by suicidal little madmen pressing an electronic button Such a war will not last long and none will ever follow it There will be no conquerors and no conquests, but only the charred bones of the dead on an uninhabited planet This was the first, really serious grownup book I ever read.My sole brother being almost eight years younger and no cousins being in the States, I was virtually an only child, condemned to the weekly dinner parties of my parents and paternal grandparents and their friends, most of them held elsewhere than our own home At one particularly excruciatingly boring party held at Great Aunt Synnove s I was scanning the magazines and bookshelves for something to occupy the time Being ten, the great sw This was the first, really serious grownup book I ever read.My sole brother being almost eight years younger and no cousins being in the States, I was virtually an only child, condemned to the weekly dinner parties of my parents and paternal grandparents and their friends, most of them held elsewhere than our own home At one particularly excruciatingly boring party held at Great Aunt Synnove s I was scanning the magazines and bookshelves for something to occupy the time Being ten, the great swastika on the cover of one otherwise unknown book caught my eye Nazis I picked it up, checked out the maps on the inside covers and started to readWhen, finally, they, the Old Ones, were ready to go, I was far enough into it to not want to stop Aunt Synnove was kind enough to loan it out.The reading went on for probably a couple of weeks I recall reading about the Lutheran pastor, Niedemeyer not looking it up it may be misspelled, but I remember this in detail after all these years , who, almost alone amongst German churchmen, stood up publicly against the Nazis and this in the backyard, at the juncture of our rickety garage and decaying white picket fence amidst the early flowers of springtime I recall, days later, now on my sun warmed bed downstairs at grandmother s cottage in Michigan, reading with fascinated horror about the death camps and the scientific experiments conducted in them.Now a thirteen year old friend of mine has picked up Shirer, buying it in hardcover himself at a local used bookstore He, not normally a big reader he has a sister, two brothers and lots of cousins and friends , says he likes it because Shirer writes so clearly Now, while all of us are, as citizens, in moral positions uncomfortably similar to those occupied by Germans sixty years or so ago, it is good to see that a book like this and the story it tells can still be read with interest by the young This is quite a dry book full of technical detail about the state of Germany, of its politics, and, as promised, the rise of the Nazis.Buried deep inside is a brief section copied below that looks up from the statistics of the holocaust to give this harrowing eye witness account, which has stayed with me for the 30 odd years since I read it Particularly, the part where the girl points to herself and says her age probably because I was around that age when I read it.It is difficult to believ This is quite a dry book full of technical detail about the state of Germany, of its politics, and, as promised, the rise of the Nazis.Buried deep inside is a brief section copied below that looks up from the statistics of the holocaust to give this harrowing eye witness account, which has stayed with me for the 30 odd years since I read it Particularly, the part where the girl points to herself and says her age probably because I was around that age when I read it.It is difficult to believe these things happened But they did Evendifficult to understand that on a smaller scale things like this still happen time and again Without screaming or weeping these people undressed, stood around in family groups, kissed each other, said farewells and waited for a sign from another S.S man, who stood near the pit, also with a whip in his hand During the fifteen minutes that I stood near the pit I heard no complaint or plea for mercy An old woman with snow white hair was holding a one year old child in her arms and singing to it and tickling it The child was cooing with delight The parents were looking on with tears in their eyes The father was holding the hand of a boy about 10 years old and speaking to him softly the boy was fighting his tears The father pointed to the sky, stroked his head and seemed to explain something to him At that moment the S.S man at the pit shouted something to his comrade The latter counted off about twenty persons and instructed them to go behind the earth mound I well remember a girl, slim and with black hair, who, as she passed close to me, pointed to herself and said twenty three years old I walked around the mound and found myself confronted by a tremendous grave People were closely wedged together and lying on top of each other so that only their heads were visible Nearly all had blood running over their shoulders from their heads Some of the people were still moving Some were lifting their arms and turning their heads to show that they were still alive The pit was already two thirds full I estimated that it contained about a thousand people I looked for the man who did the shooting He was an S.S man, who sat at the edge of the narrow end of the pit, his feet dangling into the pit He had a tommy gun on his knees and was smoking a cigarette The people, completely naked, went down some steps and clambered over the heads of the people lying there to the place to which the S.S man directed them They lay down in front of the dead or wounded people some caressed those who were still alive and spoke to them in a low voice Then I heard a series of shots I looked into the pit and saw that the bodies were twitching or the heads lying already motionless on top of the bodies that lay beneath them Blood was running from their necks The next batch was approaching already They went down into the pit, lined themselves up against the previous victims and were shot And so it went, batch after batch The next morning the German engineer returned to the site I saw about thirty naked people lying near the pit Some of them were still alive Later the Jews still alive were ordered to throw the corpses into the pit Then they themselves had to lie down in this to be shot in the neck I swear before God that this is the absolute truth Hitler boasted that The Third Reich would last a thousand years It lasted onlyBut thoseyears contained some of the most catastrophic events Western civilization has ever knownNo other powerful empire ever bequeathed such mountains of evidence about its birth and destruction as the Third Reich When the bitter war was over, and before the Nazis could destroy their files, the Allied demand for unconditional surrender produced an almost hour by hour record of the nightmare empire built by Adolph Hitler This record included the testimony of Nazi leaders and of concentration camp inmates, the diaries of officials, transcripts of secret conferences, army orders, private letters all the vast paperwork behind Hitler s drive to conquer the worldThe famed foreign correspondent and historian William L Shirer, who had watched and reported on the Nazis since , spent five and a half years sifting through this massive documentation The result is a monumental study that has been widely acclaimed as the definitive record of one of the most frightening chapters in the history of mankindThis worldwide bestseller has been acclaimed as the definitive book on Nazi Germany it is a classic workThe accounts of how the United States got involved and how Hitler used Mussolini and Japan are astonishing, and the coverage of the war from Germany s early successes to her eventual defeat is must reading I have a very strong feeling of enthusiasm and at the same time of aversion for this book, which I read when I was 16 William Shirer wrote a no holds barred account of the rise of Adolf Hitler from the perspective of a fanatical in the full sense of the word opponent of everything Hitler stood for Shirer was also a journalist writing as though he were a historian, so his writing reads easily and persuasively but is not necessarily a font of historical accuracy Whatever one s own position, t I have a very strong feeling of enthusiasm and at the same time of aversion for this book, which I read when I was 16 William Shirer wrote a no holds barred account of the rise of Adolf Hitler from the perspective of a fanatical in the full sense of the word opponent of everything Hitler stood for Shirer was also a journalist writing as though he were a historian, so his writing reads easily and persuasively but is not necessarily a font of historical accuracy Whatever one s own position, this is far and away ahonest book than many of the cold cynical assessments made after the events by historians who also have a private agenda but who unlike Shirer do not make it obvious or claim to be objective when they are no such thing Shirer is however in my opinion,right to stressthan is often stressed, the novelty of the Nuremburg Laws, which essentially disenfranchised a large section of the population on the basis of a postulated alien ethnicity These laws undermined the fundamental principles of citizenship as understood in Europe since the American and French revolutions and were profound and potentially murderous in their implications Shirer also laid stress on medical experimentation on human subjects, which in my humble opinion is as close to Hell as human beings are likely to get on earth I do not think there are any medical experiment deniers of course, medical experimentation on human beings is in no way something unique to the Hitler dictatorship, but Shirer is right to highlight it as a particularly pernicious abuse of power by politicians and doctors, one which should serve as a reminder to us, if we really need a reminder, of the arrogance and ever lethal potential of the notions of so many representatives of both It is all very well talking about controlling decadence, crime or whatever, but who controls the controllers, is a question that should never be for a moment forgotten.I give this two stars but the two stars award is misleading in the sense that I would give his work 4 or 5 stars for readability as a breathtaking introduction to the history of the Third Reich, and 4 or 5 stars for highlighting certain aspects of that history so full of suffering and desolation, but 1 star for reliability, balanced view, veracity, objectivity Shirer will have no track with the notion that Polish fears of Russia could have been justified, that Churchill wanted war, that in a sense whatever one thinks of him, Hitler was right in claiming that the war was between a Jewish and anti Jewish world view, that Roosevelt was deeply anti German and pro Jewish, that the Soviet Union was planning a preemptive strike on Germany, that the Poles had been put up to provoking Germany and did provoke Germany and that Hitler in this case as later, with the British bombing of civilian targets, fell into a trap and allowed himself to be provoked just in the way his enemies planned he should be provoked Shirer says nothing as I recall, about the appalling condiitons which induced many to vote for the NSDAP, and there are plentyimbalances in this work, and half truths and untruths besides, for there is plenty of history that Shirer does not mention, but I do not have the book anyand I read it 40 years ago Shirer s is a book to be read by anyone interested in the time, but to be read with ratherthan the proverbial pinch of salt I was going to award this book three stars but I ll put that down to 2 to counter balance the wave of quasi psychophantic enthusiasm with which so many Goodreads readers have greeted it It is a deeply flawed book after all, for readibility it is up there in the top rank, for historical balance, down far below Shirer s masterpiece has long sat untouched on my shelves it s ominous block swastika unsettling all guest who entered my home not always fun to explain to people that you re not a Nazi That said, I decided to read this book in tiny increments alongside other books for the past few months, and at over 1,000 pages, it took a bit to finally knock this one out, but wow what a book I truly find it surprising that authors and journalists would bother to continue to write about the Third Rei Shirer s masterpiece has long sat untouched on my shelves it s ominous block swastika unsettling all guest who entered my home not always fun to explain to people that you re not a Nazi That said, I decided to read this book in tiny increments alongside other books for the past few months, and at over 1,000 pages, it took a bit to finally knock this one out, but wow what a book I truly find it surprising that authors and journalists would bother to continue to write about the Third Reich after such a complete and comprehensive book was written about that disastrous time almost a century ago Quite simply, we all know the basics of the story Hitler rises to power, does some horrible things, starts a world war, and eventually falls ignominiously but the secret to this incredible book is the amount of detail and sheer breadth of knowledge within concerning life, war, and the troublesome arch of human history.A MUST READ especially in these modern times I went into this believing I had a well grounded understanding of Prussian history and a basis of the Hitler regime Ummm this book is everything I don t know.I feel way over my head There are so many layers to peel like some history containing onion Shirer wrote an entire college course worth of information I regret that I will not retain it all An impressive collection of memories and experience, we should feel so privileged to have this thorough documentation of one of the most horrific e I went into this believing I had a well grounded understanding of Prussian history and a basis of the Hitler regime Ummm this book is everything I don t know.I feel way over my head There are so many layers to peel like some history containing onion Shirer wrote an entire college course worth of information I regret that I will not retain it all An impressive collection of memories and experience, we should feel so privileged to have this thorough documentation of one of the most horrific eras in modern history to remind us how easily a society can fall prey to manipulation when it believes all hope is lost and all value is expended.I was startled to find that the experiments discussed in a previous read, Doctors in Hell, were spot on All of them are delved intodeeply on this book The horror takes on greater proportion when one hears it in audiobook format


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About the Author: William L. Shirer

William Lawrence Shirer was an American journalist and historian He became known for his broadcasts on CBS from the German capital of Berlin through the first year of World War II.Shirer first became famous through his account of those years in his Berlin Diary published in 1941 , but his greatest achievement was his 1960 book, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, originally published by Simon Schuster This book of well over 1000 pages is still in print, and is a detailed examination of the Third Reich filled with historical information from German archives captured at the end of the war, along with impressions Shirer gained during his days as a correspondent in Berlin Later, in 1969, his work The Collapse of the Third Republic drew on his experience spent living and working in France from 1925 to 1933 This work is filled with historical information about the Battle of France from the secret orders and reports of the French High Command and of the commanding generals of the field Shirer also used the memoirs, journals, and diaries of the prominent British, Italian, Spanish, and French figures in government, Parliament, the Army, and diplomacy.